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C., Rome grew over the course of centuries into a massive empire stretching from Britain to the borders of Persia, and engulfing the whole Mediterranean basin, in which Greek and Roman and many other cultures merged into a unique civilisation.The long and triumphant reign of its first emperor, Augustus, began a golden age of peace and prosperity.
Despite being one of the main victors in World War I, Italy entered a period of economic crisis and social turmoil, leading the way to the rise of a fascist dictatorship in 1922.In 509 BC, the Romans expelled the last king from their city and established an oligarchic republic.In the wake of Julius Caesar's rise and death in the first century B.The Roman Empire was among the most powerful economic, cultural, political and military forces in the world of its time.
It was one of the largest empires in world history.
Between the 17th and the 11th centuries BC Mycenaean Greeks established contacts with Italy and in the 8th and 7th centuries BC Greek colonies were established all along the coast of Sicily and the southern part of the Italian Peninsula became known as Magna Graecia.